The "I have a Dream" speech by Martin Luther King was delivered on Wednesday the 28th of August…
In Martin Luther King’s I Have a Dream speech, King makes use of an innumerable amount of rhetorical devices that augment the overall understanding and flow of the speech.
Throughout his speech he makes many references to the Bible.
“…justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream” (King). Through the allusion, King depicts that he wants justice to overtake the injustices of discrimination, and for justice to not only overcome discrimination, but for it to flow through America forever.
Parallelism is the use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction, sound, meaning, or meter.
Parallelism examples are found in literary works as well as in ordinary conversations.The way that King conducted his speech adds to the comprehension and gives the effect that he wants to rise above the injustices of racism and segregation that so many people are subjected to on a daily basis.Throughout King’s speech, he uses the rhetorical mode, pathos, to give the audience an ambience of strong emotions such as sympathy.This repetition can also occur in similarly structured clauses, such as, “Whenever you need me, wherever you need me, I will be there for you.”In literature, parallelism is used in different ways to impress upon the readers certain messages or moral lessons.Let us analyze a few examples of parallelism in literature: Antithesis is a kind of parallelism in which two opposite ideas are put together in parallel structures.King makes the audience feel an immense amount of emotion due to the outstanding use of pathos in his speech.King also generates a vast use of rhetorical devices including allusion, anaphora, and antithesis.King believed that humans live in a world where God does not judge people by their race and that people should not judge each other off of the color of their skin.“I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and that the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together” (King).Alexander Pope, in his “Good we must love, and must hate ill, For ill is ill, and good good still; But there are things indifferent, Which we may neither hate, nor love, But one, and then another prove, As we shall find our fancy bent.”Contrasting ideas of “good” and “ill,” “love” and “hate,” are placed together in parallel structures to emphasize the fact that we love good because it is always good, and we hate bad because it is always bad.“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.”Blake uses parallel structures, starting with “what” in each phrase, creating a beautiful rhythm in the above lines.Parallelism takes form of “Diazeugma,” in which a single subject is connected with multiple verbs.