Bacon'S Essays Summary Of Truth

Bacon'S Essays Summary Of Truth-19
Written by Lasya Karthik, Bala Murugan, Claudia Santos Many of Francis Bacon’s works were based on learning: the mind’s inherent faults hampering it, how we as people make mistakes in learning and effective ways of gathering knowledge.

Written by Lasya Karthik, Bala Murugan, Claudia Santos Many of Francis Bacon’s works were based on learning: the mind’s inherent faults hampering it, how we as people make mistakes in learning and effective ways of gathering knowledge.All his works were linked to the critique, advancement and betterment of knowledge and learning in some form or the other. The Essays are written in a wide range of styles, from the plain and unadorned to the epigrammatic.

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The word idol is used as derived from the classical Greek term “eidolon” which means phantom or image, just as Bacon believed that the idols of the mind would create false or phantom images of the world and of nature. Idols of the tribe: The “tribe” referred to here is the tribe encompassing all of humanity.

As human beings, we are born with innate faults in the mind.

Depending on each person’s unique experiences, relationships to the world and to others and their exposure to particular disciplines, they develop these idols resulting as a sum of their life’s experiences.

These idols involve a tendency to view things with regard to the discipline we have been trained in, and use this narrow understanding of the world to reduce all phenomena down to their own perception.

For example: a philosopher will see all of nature’s phenomena as questionable and will attempt to find purpose. Idols of the Marketplace: The marketplace refers to the communications between men, or as Bacon put “association of men with each other.” The tools that contribute to the existence of these idols are words and language.

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We either assign abstract terms or give name to things that exist only in our minds. Ironically, words were created so humans could express themselves, but this distemper prevents us from doing so. Idols of the Theatre: This is again a set of idols, which are learnt by us through our respective culture, a practice acquired by humans through socialization and cultural exposure.

Bacon's genius as a phrase-maker appears to great advantage in the later essays.

In Of Boldness he wrote, "If the Hill will not come to Mahomet, Mahomet will go to the hill", which is the earliest known appearance of that proverb in print.

It refers to the theatricality and sophistry in knowledge, but instead of being true knowledge, it is mere imitations. Bacon accuses philosophers of engaging in this particular set of idols.

Bacon originally identified the three distempers of learning as “vanities.” The distempers are simply methods and forms of learning that Bacon believed were ineffective and led to no real advancement. Fantastical learning (or vain imaginations): Fantastical learning is simply beliefs, ideas and arguments without strong basis in practical and scientific reality.

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