In a world where the society prides itself in engaging with people from all over the world and shunning discrimination, it is unfathomable that bullying continues in primary schools.Australia is a developed country where the best learning models are adopted by the school systems adopted in these countries.It is a critical assessment of the individual attributes of change needed within the system and a focus on the social emotional development as well as its effects on cognitive development.
Most of the parents may have faced bullying in primary school, college, or at work in their present life but it appears incomprehensible for a child to be facing the same or orchestrating the same.
The critical aspect that needs to be assessed is what are the main contributors of bullying and the role of the community in stopping this behaviour permanently in the present society.
Self-esteem, trauma and other individual attributes are also critical aspects that need to be measured.
The research assesses the effects of bullying on learning and development in the Australian Primary School setting and outlines the main recommendations that can be used to eradicate the problem.
One of the theories that are used to explain this behaviour is Skinner behaviourist theory that notes behaviour to be influenced by the form of reinforcement.
Skinner noted that the reward or punishment was the main attributes that led to formation of behaviour and the cognitive attributes were not critical in formation of character or behaviour.In the world the main distinctions that lead to bullying are mainly as a result of differences in race, class, sexual orientation, language, size, reputation and ability of an individual towards others (Mundy et al, 2017).In schools the behaviour is mainly cultivated by the social attributes and peer pressure that inform the behavioural models that are adopted by individuals.Vygostky socio-cultural theory reiterates that the behaviour adopted by an individual is influenced by the interaction with others and the psychological processes of an individual.The two work in tandem to form the behaviour that an individual develops in the society and the individual attributes identified.The question on every parent’s mind is, Why are do some children bully others?It is an important question that is critically evaluated and has been present in the society for years to date.It is a culmination of different societal and individual aspects that lead to the bad behaviour by children in the society.Charity begins at home, may be considered a cliché but one needs to assess how the family setting as well as the society contributes to this problem in schools.The children on most cases develop these behaviours from the societal models adopted by the parents, peers and the community at large.The paper uses Skinner Behaviourist theory, Bronfenbrenner model and Vygostky socio-cultural theory to assess the issue in the society.