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The first integrated program designed specifically for the critical thinking course, Moore & Parker's Critical Thinking teaches students the skills they need in order to think for themselves-skills they will call upon in this course, in other college courses, and in the world that awaits.The authors' practical and accessible approach illustrates core concepts with concrete real-world examples, extensive practice exercises, and a thoughtful set of pedagogical features.Het is echter in een enkel geval mogelijk dat door omstandigheden de bezorging vertraagd is.
Explanations Explanations and Arguments Explanations and Justifications Kinds of Explanations Physical Explanations Behavioral Explanations Functional Explanations Spotting Weak Explanations Testability Noncircularity Relevance Freedom from Excessive Vagueness Reliability Explanatory Power Freedom from Unnecessary Assumptions Consistency with Well-Established Theory Absence of Alternative Explanations Explanatory Comparisons (Analogies) PART III. Understanding and Evaluating Arguments The Anatomy of Arguments Good and Bad, Valid and Invalid, Strong and Weak Deduction and Induction Unstated Premises Identifying Unstated Premises Techniques for Understanding Arguments Clarifying an Argument's Structure Distinguishing Arguments from Window Dressing Evaluating Arguments Do the Premises Support the Conclusion? Deductive Arguments II: Truth-Functional Logic Truth Tables and the Truth-Functional Symbols Claim Variables Truth Tables Symbolizing Compound Claims Truth-Functional Arguments Deductions Group I Rules: Elementary Valid Argument Patterns Group II Rules: Truth-Functional Equivalences Conditional Proof 11.
Inductive Arguments Inductive Generalizations Representativeness and Bias Random Variation Everyday Inductive Generalizations The Two Key Questions We Should Ask of Any Inductive Generalization Analogical Arguments Fallacies Untrustworthy Polls Playing by the Numbers 12.
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More than any other textbook, Moore and Parker's Critical Thinking has defined the structure and content of the critical thinking course, at colleges and universities across the country - and has done so with a witty writing style that students enjoy.
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More Rhetorical Devices Smokescreen/Red Herring The Subjectivist Fallacy Appeal to Popularity (ad populum) Common Practice Peer Pressure Bandwagon Wishful Thinking Scare Tactics Appeal to Pity Apple Polishing Appeal to Anger or Indignation Two Wrongs Make a Right 6.
More Pseudoreasoning and Other Rhetorical Plays Ad Hominem Personal Attack Circumstantial Ad Hominem Pseudorefutation Poisoning the Well Genetic Fallacy Burden of Proof Straw Man False Dilemma Perfectionist Fallacy Line-Drawing Fallacy Slippery Slope Begging the Question 7. Deductive Arguments I: Categorical Logic Categorical Claims Venn Diagrams Translation into Standard Form The Square of Opposition Three Categorical Operations Conversion Obversion Contraposition Categorical Syllogisms The Venn Diagram Method of Testing for Validity Categorical Syllogisms with Unstated Premises Real-Life Syllogisms The Rules Method of Testing for Validity 10.
Causal Arguments Causation Among Specific Events Only-Relevant-Difference Reasoning Only-Relevant-Common-Thread Reasoning Common Mistakes Found in Causal Reasoning Possible Mistakes in Relevant-Difference Reasoning Possible Mistakes in Common-Thread Reasoning Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc Overlooking the Possibility of Coincidence Questions to Ask About Causal Reasoning Causation in Populations Controlled Cause-to-Effect Experiments Nonexperimental Effect-to-Cause Studies Appeal to Anecdotal Evidence 13.
Moral, Legal, and Aesthetic Reasoning Moral Reasoning Descriptive and Prescriptive Moral Claims Consistency and Fairness Major Perspectives in Moral Reasoning Moral Deliberation Legal Reasoning Legal Reasoning and Moral Reasoning Compared Two Types of Legal Studies: Justifying Laws and Interpreting Laws The Role of Precedent in Legal Reasoning Aesthetic Reasoning Eight Aesthetic Principles Using Aesthetic Principles to Judge Aesthetic Value Evaluating Aesthetic Criticism: Relevance and Truth Why Reason Aesthetically? Selection 3: Bonnie and Clyde Selection 4: EDWARD C. Selection 5a: USA TODAY, Equal Treatment Is Real Issue Not Marriage Selection 5b: THE REV. SHELDON, Gay Marriage "Unnatural" Selection 6a: USA Today, Latest Ruling Is Good Scout Model Selection 6b: Larry P.