The tendency of society is toward stability, harmony, or equilibrium, in other words toward balance.Society is seen as a self-regulating system and all of the constituent elements of a society must contribute to maintaining this state of harmony.d.
On the issue of functional importance, Davis and Moore state: two factors...determine the relative rank of different positions.
In general those positions convey the best reward, and have the highest rank which (a) have the greatest importance for the society and (b) require the greatest training or talent.
One of the problems of modern societies, which Durkheim sought to remedy through state action, was the chaotic and inefficient ways in which labor forces were trained and rewarded.
Inept progeny of rich tycoons took over companies while intelligent children of workers went uneducated.
This functionalist theory of stratification was first discussed by the authors in 1945 in the article, Some Principles of Stratification which appeared in the American Sociological Review and was later extended and refined in Any society must distribute its individuals and induce them to perform the duties of their positions.
It must solve the problem of motivation at two levels: to instill in the proper individuals the desire to occupy certain positions and, once in these positions the desire to perform the duties attached to them Modern medicine, for example, is within the mental capacity of most individuals, but a medical education is so expensive and burdensome that virtually none would undertake it if the position of M. did not carry a reward commensurate with the sacrifice.Social stratification is based on four major principles: Why does social stratification exist, and why are some countries more stratified than others?To analyze this question, we can look at social stratification through three major perspectives: structural functionalism, social conflict, and symbolic interaction.If you believe that this courseware violates your copyright, please contact us.Lumen Learning provides a simple, supported path for faculty members to adopt and teach effectively with open educational resources (OER). For example, wealth, education, professional associations, etc....these things assure not that the best and the brightest will be selected for powerful positions but that much of societys potential talent will go un-utilized.d. Each part of a society exists because it has a vital function to perform in maintaining the existence or stability of society as a whole; the existence of any part of a society is therefore explained when its function for the whole is identified.In other words, the function of anything, which is assumed to be beneficial c.Stratification is not positively functionally for a society--it is dysfunctional.Social stratification systems function to provide the elite with the political power necessary to procure acceptance and dominance of an ideology which rationalizes the status quo, whatever it may be as logical, natural, and morally right.