Define Ninety Five Thesis

The pope does not intend to remit, and cannot remit, any penalties except those that he has imposed either by his own authority or by the authority of the canons.6.

The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God’s work of remission.

This changing of the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept.12.

In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after but before absolution, as tests of true contrition.13. They are already dead to canonical laws and have a right to be released from them.14.

The church sold indulgences as a fundraising campaign commissioned by Pope Leo through a Dominican priest, Johann Tetzel, in Germany.

Tetzel and others were gathering money for the renovation of St. Luther felt it wrong that penance for sin had become a commercial transaction rather than a change of heart.It is certain that when the coin jingles into the money-box, greed and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the church is in the power of God alone.29. No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere, much less that he can attain full remission.31.Who knows whether all the souls in purgatory wish to be bought out of it, as in the legend of Sts. As the man who is truly repentant is rare, so rare also is the man who truly buys indulgences. They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon.33.Yet it does not mean inward repentance only, as there is no inward repentance that does not manifest itself outwardly through various mortifications of the flesh.4.The penalty of sin, therefore, continues so long as hatred of self, or true inward repentance, continues, and it continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven.5.The imperfect spiritual health, or the imperfect love, of the dying person necessarily brings with it great fear; and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear.15.This fear and horror is sufficient in itself alone, to say nothing of other things, to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair.16.Therefore, the greater part of the people are necessarily deceived by that indiscriminate and high-sounding promise of release from penalty.25.The power that the pope has in a general way over purgatory is just like the power that any bishop or curate has in a particular way over his own diocese or parish.26.Therefore the holy spirit through the pope is kind to us, because in his decrees he always makes exception of the article of death and of necessity.10.Ignorant and wicked are the acts of those priests who, in the case of the dying, reserve canonical penances for purgatory.11.


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