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For clarity, when a large amount of detail must be presented, information should be presented in sub-sections according to topic.: If you are conducting a qualitative analysis of a research problem, the methodology section generally requires a more elaborate description of the methods used as well as an explanation of the processes applied to gathering and analyzing of data than is generally required for studies using quantitative methods.
It is almost a given that you will encounter problems when collecting or generating your data, or, gaps will exist in existing data or archival materials.
Do not ignore these problems or pretend they did not occur. Don't avoid using a quantitative approach to analyzing your research problem just because you fear the idea of applying statistical designs and tests.
The methodology section of your paper should be thorough but to the point.
Do not provide any background information that does not directly help the reader understand why a particular method was chosen, how the data was gathered or obtained, and how the data was analyzed in relation to the research problem [note: analyzed, not interpreted!
Do not confuse the terms "methods" and "methodology." As Schneider notes, a method refers to the technical steps taken to do research.
Descriptions of methods usually include defining them and stating why you have chosen specific techniques to investigate a research problem, followed by an outline of the procedures you used to systematically select, gather, and process the data [remember to always save the interpretation of data for the discussion section of your paper].
Such a list of sources is useful in and of itself, especially if it is accompanied by an explanation about the selection and use of the sources. Framed in this way, all empirical social sciences research involves theories and methods, whether they are stated explicitly or not.
The description of the project's methodology complements a list of sources in that it sets forth the organization and interpretation of information emanating from those sources.. However, while theories and methods are often related, it is important that, as a researcher, you deliberately separate them in order to avoid your theories playing a disproportionate role in shaping what outcomes your chosen methods produce.
This statement informs the reader that your study was conducted in an ethical and responsible manner.
In some cases, the IRB approval notice is included as an appendix to your paper.