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The poet Lord Byron (mad Lord Byron), who was born with “talipes”, known then as a club foot, and whose name today is still synonymous for someone dashing, “Byronic”.Admiral Nelson, known for his great naval victories against the Napoleonic French and particularly the battle of Trafalgar, he is not viewed as disabled although he was blind in one eye and only had one arm.This is evident in such things as super hero movies, where the bad character is often portrayed as physically deformed or mentally unstable.
(Campbell and Oliver 1995) Cultural values and Society can be responsible for imposing disability on someone with impairments.
This is mostly done unintentionally or by misinterpretation but it results in excluding people with some form of impairment from participating in society.
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After being scrutinised and labelled by doctors and other professionals, these people were put in to hospitals or asylums where they remained for very long periods and sometimes indefinitely.
This kind of treatment carried on throughout most of the western world and all through the first half of the twentieth century.
(Oliver 1996) What this means is that today’s society defines the impairment as it is seen, i.e.
the lack of a limb or limbs, organism or motor functions of the body that are not working properly, and the disability as the restrictions and disadvantages that go with it.
People with disabilities may face problems, and not only because of their particular impairments but by social factors such as attitudes, stigma and physical obstructions, for example, ease of access to buildings or transport.
The description of disability has varied over the years but the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 describes it as, “he/she has a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long term adverse effect on his/her ability to carry out normal day to day activities” Thompson and Thompson (2008) state that historically, people with disabilities were considered “tragic, different or in some way devious”.