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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN MODERN SOCIETY 9 CHAPTER 2 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN MODERN SOCIETY About 200 years ago the pace of technological change in western society began to quicken.
Wind, water, and animal power, with their limitations of place and capacity, were supplemented and then replaced by the steam engine, which went on to power the factories of the industrial revolution.
The automobile and the airplane changed not only travel but the nature of our cities and towns.
Radio and then television brought more of the outside world into everyoneâs homes.
Organized research and development, which are increasingly international in character, have greatly increased the production of new knowledge.
Deeper understanding of living organisms is leading toward cures of diseases once thought SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN MODERN SOCIETY 10 untreatable.
Basic insights in materials science enable the development of structures that are lighter, stronger, and more durable than anything available before.
The computer and novel modes of communication, such as optical fibers, bring new, interactive modes of work and more capable machinery.