Husbandry has a long history, starting with the Neolithic revolution when animals were first domesticated, from around 13,000 BC onwards, antedating farming of the first crops.By the time of early civilisations such as ancient Egypt, cattle, sheep, goats and pigs were being raised on farms.
Husbandry has a long history, starting with the Neolithic revolution when animals were first domesticated, from around 13,000 BC onwards, antedating farming of the first crops.By the time of early civilisations such as ancient Egypt, cattle, sheep, goats and pigs were being raised on farms.A typical western dairy cow is usually milked twice per day and produces on average 30 litres (8 gallons) of milk daily; however, the actual amount produced depends upon the age and breed of the cow.Tags: Hands Across Nile EssayHow To Make Business PlansArt College EssayEssay On Search A Place BreatheTop Creative Writing Colleges In The WorldCheap Paper Plates And CupsEssay On Media ConvergenceEquilibrium Of Rigid Bodies Solved ProblemsCreative Writing 2nd Grade
In addition to muscle meat, a variety of organs from cows—including liver, kidney, heart, brains, and various glands—are also consumed by people.
Beef cows are typically farmed in less intensive systems than dairy cows, since they are not handled daily for milking.
English lacks a gender-neutral singular form, and so “cow” is used for both female individuals and all domestic bovines. The order contains even-toed hoofed mammals, and cows have distinctive cloven hooves (derived from the toenails from the middle two digits of each foot).
Cows belong to the family Bovidae (hollow-horned ruminants, which also includes antelope, sheep, and goats), subfamily Bovinae (which includes buffaloes and spiral-horned antelope), tribe Bovini (which includes cattle, bison, and yak), and genus The size and weight of a cow is highly dependent on the breed.
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Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work! A group of cows, cattle, or kine (an archaic term for more than one cow) constitutes a herd.Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock.As a result, most breeding in modern dairy operations occurs through artificial insemination, with bulls living at just a few specialized facilities.Different breeds of dairy cows have been bred for specific milk characteristics, such as to maximize yield or to produce a desired level of fat in the milk.Cows are used by humans in many other ways, such as a source of leather for clothing and other products and, albeit controversially, as participants in sporting events (e.g., bullfighting, bull riding, and rodeo events).Cows may also serve as a measure of wealth, and they are even worshipped as sacred animals in some religions (milk to feed their young, but dairy cattle, such as the well-known Holstein-Friesian cow, have been specially bred to produce very large quantities of milk.Some breeds are genetically polled (hornless), and many other cows may be dehorned (that is, have their horn buds destroyed) at young age to make them easier to transport and safer to work around.Cows are renowned for their large milk-producing (mammary) glands known as udders, which possess four teats (nipples).Mature males weigh 450–1,800 kg (1,000–4,000 pounds) and females weigh 360–1,100 kg (800–2,400 pounds).Both males and females have horns, and although these may be short in many breeds, they can grow to be spectacularly large, such as in Texas longhorns and African Ankole-Watusi cows.