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The integration of audio, text, image, video and animation has extended the ways in which the learner can manipulate and interact with the content material through technology.The technology has spread in the educational system as a tool for effective teaching and learning (Adegoke, 2011). (2010), multimedia technology offers a lot of advantages in the fields of education with the ability to combine multiple media elements in a package.
The printed version allows searching for keywords through article text (Yoon & Eenjun, 2008).
In addition, digital encyclopedia contents such as animations, audio and video are not able to insert in the printed format.
The digital encyclopedia also can be classified as interactive encyclopedia, is a publication in digital form consisting of text and images which are published and readable on computers or other electronic devices.
Example of digital encyclopedias is such as e-mobility, CD-ROM and open source encyclopedia.
Yoon & Eenjun (2008), created an interactive aquatic plant encyclopedia that can handle various types of user requirements which are more accurate and enable faster image retrieval through e-mobile.
Meanwhile, DVD-ROM or CD-ROM format of encyclopedia publications has the advantage of easily portable.
According to Gordon (2010), a great number of traditional teaching and learning course materials are transformed in the multimedia environment.
Generally multimedia learning aims at helping individuals to construct knowledge structures about a subject matter or to update their knowledge about a specific topic (Wolfgang & Holger, 2010).
A traditional encyclopedia is in a form of book which is a set of written, printed, illustrated and compiled together.
Information that presented in a printed encyclopedia requires some form of hierarchical structure and the method of presenting the information are according alphabetically order by the article title.