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When the level of alcohol in blood reaches 0.20 per cent, the function of the entire motor area of the brain is significantly depressed and the parts of the brain controlling emotional behaviour is likely to be affected.
The physiological dependence in the gamma drinkers is such that when they stop drinking physiological withdrawal symptoms are found.
The delta alcoholic is the most severe type among the four. When the drinking is cleared, it leads to severe physiological withdrawal symptoms. The nervous system may not automatically continue functioning, breathing may stop and convulsions may occur.
It is caused by a suaden drop in the intake of alcohol.
The symptoms of delirium tremens are restlessness, sleeplessness, night mares, hallucinations, and delusions of terrifying nature.
But in this type there is no physical or psychological dependence.
The gamma drinkers lose control of their drinking and exhibit significant signs of physical, psychological and social deterioration.The physical effects are so adverse that according to Talbolt (1974) withdrawal from alcohol may lead to death in certain cases. Delirium tremens are the most important psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal of alcohol.These tremens occur in people who are over 30 years age and drinking consistently at-least for 4 years.The problem of alcoholism has posed a serious threat to modern civilization for the very fact that around the world and particularly in the west very swiftly teenagers are turning alcoholics. In India, a study sponsored by the Dep’t of Social Welfare, Govt., of India, in 6 states, Bombay, Delhi, Hyderabad, Madras, Varanasi and Jaipur on a sample of 35,000 showed that the most commonly abused drugs were alcohol, tobacco and pain killers.It is stated that out of every 20 persons in the U. In the revised edition of DSM III-R there is no specific diagnostic category called “Alcoholism”.Another Swedish study revealed that monozygotic twins had about twice the coincidence rate of alcoholism as dizygotic twins of the same sex.Studies also indicate a higher craving for alcoholism among dizygotic twins than among non-twin siblings.The drinkers drink right from the morning continuously without any break and cannot abstain from drinking for any period of time. A Japanese proverb says “First the man takes the drink, then the drink takes the man.” The physiological, social, psychological familial and occupational disturbances arise due to the adverse consequences of alcoholism. When this stage is somehow passed, the person gets back his normal life to some extent and many of the symptoms may disappear.Physiological damages include damage of the liver, endocrine glands, heart failure and hypertension etc. But alcoholic toxicity is still present and needs medical care.Goodwin (1973, 1974) on the basis of their findings viewed that “it was being born to an alcoholic biologic parent rather than being raised by one that increases the risk of the son becoming an alcoholic.”It is said that children of alcoholics become alcoholics about 4 times more often than children of non-alcoholics even when they are not brought up by their own parents.In a 30 year longitudinal Swedish study of adopted male children who subsequently become alcoholics, it was found that about 25 per cent had biological fathers who were also alcoholics.