The theme of the discrepancy between appearance and reality is a major one in the world's literature.It lies at the core of two great 18th century novels : The Vicar of Wakefleld and Pride and Prejudice, written respectively in the middle and at the end of the 18th century.
The theme of the discrepancy between appearance and reality is a major one in the world's literature.It lies at the core of two great 18th century novels : The Vicar of Wakefleld and Pride and Prejudice, written respectively in the middle and at the end of the 18th century.Tags: Child Abuse Introduction EssaySense Of Place EssaysResearch Thesis On Strategic ManagementCompare And Contrast Essay On Gender DifferencesHomeschool HomeworkUtsa College Application EssayRhetorical Analysis Essay SyntaxCreative Writing Summer Camps IllinoisHungarian Assignment MethodSons And Lovers Thesis
For most of the book, merely recounts his observations in deadpan mode.
He appears to have no will or desires, but is led from land to land by fate.
This gap between Gulliver's and the reader's perception of events leads to dramatic irony (a literary device in which the reader or audience of a work knows more than the character).
As a middle-of-the-road human being, Gulliver finds himself to be morally superior to the Lilliputians but morally inferior to the Brobdingnagians. It is his pride in, and loyalty to, England, which leads him to lie to the Brobdingnagian king in order to paint his country in a favorable light.
In making the reader view Lilliputians as tiny but threatening, and vicious, Swift is passing a similar judgment upon England.
Gulliver'S Travels Essays Human Nature
The Brobdingnagians, in contrast, are physically and morally larger than Gulliver.As Gulliver's education progresses, he makes more direct judgments on the societies he visits, though at first these are understated.For example, in Part I, Chapter V, after the ministers have plotted to kill Gulliver in gruesome ways for trivial offenses, he notes for the first time that courts and ministers may not be perfect. How does Gulliver's role develop and change throughout the novel?At the beginning of the novel, Gulliver is an everyman through whose eyes the reader sees the inhabitants of the places he visits.By the end of his stay in Laputa, he is overtly despondent about the Laputans' shortcomings and the ruined society that they have sacrificed to theoretical thought.Gulliver's stay in the land of the Houyhnhnms marks the complete loss of his objectivity and innocence.While condemning his fellow men for their pride, he fails to see that he himself has fallen victim to pride in his disgust at humanity. The tiny Lilliputians are petty, vain, hypocritical, and self-important, and their government enshrines all that is foolish, vicious, and cruel in human nature.As a result, the reader ceases to look through his eyes to judge others and begins to look at him and judge him. Though they are the smallest beings in the novel, they are the only race that parades its army in front of Gulliver to impress him.The purpose of this study is to examine whether this preoccupation with appearance and reality remains on the surface and is confined to the veracity of Lemuel Gulliver's account and to the authorship of the Travels, or whether it goes deeper, informing Swift's style, permeating his outlook on human affairs and his vision of human beings.In his letter to Cousin Sympson, Gulliver declares : Indeed I must confess that as to the People of Lilliput, Brobdingrag (for so the word should have been spelt, and not erroneously Brobdingnag) and Laputa, I have never yet heard of any yahoo so presumptuous as to dispute their Being, or the Facts I have related concerning them ; because the Truth immediately strikes every Reader with conviction (1).