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Here’s a snapshot of who they are, where they work – and why Americans should care about them.
Pew Research Center estimates that about 11.3 million people are currently living in the U. without authorization, down from a peak of 12.2 million in 2007.
In general, illegal migration seems to be increasing due to the strict border controls combined with the expansion of the areas of free mobility, such as the Schengen area, and the growing demographic imbalance in the world.
The more closed are the borders and the more attractive are the target countries, the greater is the share of human trafficking in illegal migration and the role played by the national and transnational organized crime.
"I think it'll help."In the year ending September 30, 2017, the most recent year for which data is available, about 700,000 foreigners were living in the U. on visas that had expired in the prior 12 months, according to data from the Department of Homeland Security. 2017 was only the second year that DHS reported the overstay figure. Using deportation data from ICE, which tracks how immigrants arrive in the U.
The agency estimated that about 15 percent of those have since left the country, but the rest remain in the U. Like most other immigration data points, pinpointing the total undocumented population and how they arrived in the U. S., Vaughan estimates that visa overstays comprise somewhere between 40 and 50 percent of the undocumented immigration population.
Human smuggling and trafficking have become a world-wide industry that ‘employs’ every year millions of people and leads to the annual turnover of billions of dollars.
Many of the routes and enclaves used by the smugglers have become institutionalized; for instance, from Mexico and Central America to the United States, from West Asia through Greece and Turkey to Western Europe, and within East and Southeast Asia.
But only one-third of the recent undocumented immigrant population came to the United States through the southern border, according to the Center for Migration Studies (CMS), a New York City-based think tank.
The rest came legally on work visas and stayed after they expired, according to CMS.