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A good strategy is to break the literature into "conceptual categories" [themes] rather than systematically describing groups of materials one at a time.Note that conceptual categories generally reveal themselves after you have read most of the pertinent literature on your topic so adding new categories is an on-going process of discovery as you read more studies.The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. Approach it with the intention of leaving your readers feeling like--"Wow, that's an exciting idea and I can’t wait to see how it turns out!
The purpose is to reflect upon gaps or understudied areas of the current literature and describe how your proposed research contributes to a new understanding of the research problem should the study be implemented as designed.
The conclusion reiterates the importance or significance of your proposal and provides a brief summary of the entire study.
However, before you begin, read the assignment carefully and, if anything seems unclear, ask your professor whether there are any specific requirements for organizing and writing the proposal.
Proposals vary between ten and twenty-five pages in length.
A proposal should contain all the key elements involved in designing a completed research study, with sufficient information that allows readers to assess the validity and usefulness of your proposed study. Note that most proposals do not include an abstract [summary] before the introduction.
The only elements missing from a research proposal are the findings of the study and your analysis of those results. This section can be melded into your introduction or you can create a separate section to help with the organization and narrative flow of your proposal.
Note that this section is not an essay going over everything you have learned about the topic; instead, you must choose what is relevant to help explain the goals for your study.
Connected to the background and significance of your study is a section of your proposal devoted to a more deliberate review and synthesis of prior studies related to the research problem under investigation.
The purpose here is to place your project within the larger whole of what is currently being explored, while demonstrating to your readers that your work is original and innovative.
Think about what questions other researchers have asked, what methods they have used, and what is your understanding of their findings and, where stated, their recommendations.