Literature Review Research Design

This section requires critical interpretation by the author such that the review adds value to existing literature.

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Systematic reviews can be accompanied with Meta-analysis which involves statistical analysis of the included studies to increase the power of the results.

Discussion: This section usually interprets the study data based on their weighted significance and the power of the results.

A literature review is a "comprehensive study and interpretation of literature that addresses a specific topic" (Aveyard, 2010).

Literature reviews are generally conducted in one of two ways: 1) As a preliminary review before a larger study in order to critically evaluate the current literature and justify why further study and research is required.

The details are described below: Methods (only for systematic reviews): These studies have a comprehensive methodology that starts by narrowing down the literature for the review.

Usually, specific inclusion/exclusion criteria are set based on the research questions and databases are searched based on these criteria.

These studies are based on a well-defined strategy unlike narrative reviews.

Systematic reviews and narrative reviews are organized slightly differently.

The current status of the knowledge or research about a topic, question or experience A literature review is an opportunity to tell your story by carving a space for your topic and research question in relation to previous studies.

In reporting your critical perspective on the relevant literature and identifying a gap that your research will attempt to address, it situates and establishes the importance of your topic or question within the broader academic community in your discipline or field of study: According to Walsh and Downe (2005), the systematic review "is a robust way of comparing quantitative research and proceeds according to well-determined steps, which include statistical analysis of the pooled results of studies.


Comments Literature Review Research Design

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