Often these questions will specify a part of the passage/poem and ask you to identify what that part is accomplishing.
Being able to identify and understand the significance of any shifts—structural, tonal, in genre, etc—will be of key importance for these questions.
They don’t require you to do a lot of interpretation—you just need to know what is actually going on.
You can identify these from words and phrases like “according to,” “asserting,” “mentioned,” and so on.
There are, generally speaking, eight kinds of questions you can expect to see on the AP English Literature and Composition test.
I’ll break each of them down here and give you tips on how to identify and approach them.Example: These questions will ask you to describe something about a character.You can spot them because they will refer directly to characters’ attitudes, opinions, beliefs, or relationships with other characters.Example: These are questions in which you have to either identify what word or phrase is figurative language or provide the meaning of a figurative phrase.You can identify these as they will either explicitly mention figurative language (or a figurative device like simile or metaphor) or will include a figurative language phrase in the question itself.You can identify these questions from words like “infer,” and “imply.” The key to these questions is to not be tripped up by the fact that you are making an inference—there will be a best answer, and it will be the choice that is best supported by what is actually found in the passage.In many ways, inference questions are like second-level reading comprehension questions—you need to know not just what a passage says, but what it means.Example: These questions ask you to infer something—a character or narrator’s opinion, an author’s intention, and so forth—based on what is said in the passage.It will be something that isn’t stated directly or concretely, but that you can assume based on what is stated clearly in the passage.The meaning of figurative language phrases can normally be determined by the phrase’s context in the passage—what is said around it? Example 1: Identifying Example 2: Interpreting These questions involve identifying why an author does what they do: from using a particular phrase to repeating certain words.Basically, what techniques is the author using to construct the passage/poem and to what effect?