This research reviews the Egyptian population that suffers from poverty and unemployment.
It also indicates the governmental policies that are put in place to alleviate the problem.
Almost half of Egyptian population lives below or slightly above the poverty line spending two dollars per day.
9.7 percent of the population is unemployed (Galal, 2001).
Despite this deterioration, 93 percent of primary level students are enrolled in schools, and a government-funded health-care system ensures that all Egyptians have access to some form of health care.
As a result of high inflation, which, at its peak, reached 28.5 percent in 1989, the middle and lower classes have seen their living standards erode since the 1980s.
However, poverty remains endemic in Egypt despite these efforts.
In Egypt the top 40% of the population own 60.4% of the wealth, while the bottom 60% control 39.6 %.
Migration has only served to aggravate the state of underdevelopment prevailing in the south.
The economic reforms launched by the Egyptian government in the early 1990s have been double-edged, severely affecting the lower classes and threatening to further erode popular support for the government.