Psychology Case Studies On Personality

Psychology Case Studies On Personality-13
In this case the median or the mode is a better indicator of central tendency than is the mean. You can see from Figure 3.6 that the mode for the family income variable is ,000 (it occurs four times).In addition to summarizing the central tendency of a distribution, descriptive statistics convey information about how the scores of the variable are spread around the central tendency.If you find people remotely interesting (and who doesn’t), you probably find unusual patterns of behavior and conditions such as schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder somewhat fascinating.

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The assumption is that by carefully studying individuals who are socially marginal, who are experiencing unusual situations, or who are going through a difficult phase in their lives, we can learn something about human nature.

Sigmund Freud was a master of using the psychological difficulties of individuals to draw conclusions about basic psychological processes.

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Behaviors that are statistically deviant have long been a point of interest in psychology, and the ability to understand unusual behaviors, emotions and thoughts is the work of specialists in this field.

Most psychology students study abnormal psychological conditions in terms of the patterns and behaviors associated with each one.To learn more or modify/prevent the use of cookies, see our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy.Psychologists agree that if their ideas and theories about human behaviour are to be taken seriously, they must be backed up by data.Each of the four coding categories is scored by the coder from 1 (the baby makes no effort to engage in the behaviour) to 7 (the baby makes a significant effort to engage in the behaviour).More information about the meaning of the coding can be found in Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, and Wall (1978). The distribution of the heights of the students in a class will form a normal distribution.Although it appears from Figure 3.6 that the central tendency of the family income variable should be around ,000, the mean family income is actually 3,960.The single very extreme income has a disproportionate impact on the mean, resulting in a value that does not well represent the central tendency. The distribution of family incomes is likely to be nonsymmetrical because some incomes can be very large in comparison to most incomes.In this sample the mean (M) = 67.12 inches and the standard deviation (s) = 2.74.(known as outliers) at one end of the distribution.Freud wrote case studies of some of his most interesting patients and used these careful examinations to develop his important theories of personality.One classic example is Freud’s description of “Little Hans,” a child whose fear of horses the psychoanalyst interpreted in terms of repressed sexual impulses and the Oedipus complex (Freud, 1909/1964).

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