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When you cite a reference in your text you should use one of the following three formats: (1) Mention the author by last name in the sentence and then give the year of the publication in parenthesis: You only need to include the page number in the citation if you are quoting directly, or if the source is very long and the specific fact or idea you are citing can only be found on a specific page.
If you have multiple sources from a single author published in the same year, distinguish them both in the in-text citation and in the reference list, by appending the letters a, b, c...
(For example: Allen 1996a, 1996b.) You should include enough information that your readers will be able to find these sources on their own.
The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from Hansen (1991) and the Council of Biology Editors (1994).
Harnack & Kleppinger (2000) have adapted "CBE style" to cite and document online sources.
If your source of information has no individual identifiable author, use the name of the organization to which the work can be attributed in place of the author's name: As New England is located at the convergence of several distinct storm tracks ( we expect to find clear differences in isotopic composition among seasons and potentially among different rain storm events (Fig. Such a source would be omitted from your References Cited or Bibliography section.
Your list of References Cited should include all of the references you cited in your paper, and no more!One author: List the author(s) of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter (no quotes, italics or underlines), then the name(s) of the editor(s) of the book or compilation, followed by "ed." or "eds.". Further information can be found by consulting Hansen (1991), Council of Biology Editors (1994), and Harnack & Kleppinger (2000), particularly their chapter on Using CBE Style to Cite and Document Sources. Then put the title of the book (in italics if possible), the publisher, the city, and the page numbers where the article can be found: List the author(s) of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter (no quotes, italics or underlines), then the title of the journal or magazine (in italics if possible), the volume number of the journal (do not use the publication date), and page numbers where the article can be found: One author: Give the author's last name and initials (if known) and the date of publication (or last modification). the specific web page), and then the title of the complete work or site (if applicable) in italics (if possible). There are, however, other reasons for citing references in scientific research papers.Citations to appropriate sources show that you've done your homework and are aware of the background and context into which your work fits, and they help lend validity to your arguments.All different kinds of sources must be acknowledged.Furthermore, if you use figures, illustrations, or graphical material, either directly or in modified form, that you did not yourself create or design, you need to acknowledge the sources of those figures.Reference citations also provide avenues for interested readers to follow up on aspects of your work -- they help weave the web of science.You may wish to include citations for sources that add relevant information to your own work, or that present alternate views.This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory earth science courses at Dartmouth College.The work is presented here without copyright, although acknowledgement is (of course) appreciated.