Hitler was not appointed chancellor as the result of an electoral victory with a popular mandate, but instead as the result of a constitutionally questionable deal among a small group of conservative German politicians who had given up on parliamentary rule.They hoped to use Hitler's popularity with the masses to buttress a return to conservative authoritarian rule, perhaps even a monarchy.Hitler and the Nazis often referred to the latter as "November criminals." Hitler and other Nazi speakers carefully tailored their speeches to each audience.
Hitler was a powerful and spellbinding orator who, by tapping into the anger and helplessness felt by a large number of voters, attracted a wide following of Germans desperate for change.
Nazi electoral propaganda promised to pull Germany out of the Depression.
Many Germans perceived the parliamentary government coalition as weak and unable to alleviate the economic crisis.
Widespread economic misery, fear, and perception of worse times to come, as well as anger and impatience with the apparent failure of the government to manage the crisis, offered fertile ground for the rise of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party.
For two years, repeatedly resorting to Article 48 to issue presidential decrees, the Bruening government sought and failed to build a parliamentary majority that would exclude Social Democrats, Communists, and Nazis.
In 1932, Hindenburg dismissed Bruening and appointed Franz von Papen, a former diplomat and Center party politician, as chancellor.Nazi negotiators and propagandists did much to enhance this impression.On January 30, 1933, President Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler chancellor of Germany.As a result of the election, a "Grand Coalition" of Germany's Social Democratic, Catholic Center, German Democratic, and German People's parties governed Weimar Germany into the first six months of the economic downturn. The worldwide economic depression had hit the country hard, and millions of people were out of work.The unemployed were joined by millions of others who linked the Depression to Germany's national humiliation after defeat in World War 1.To dissolve the parliament, the president used Article 48 of the German constitution.This Article permitted the German government to govern without parliamentary consent and was to be applied only in cases of direct national emergency.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!Papen dissolved the Reichstag again, but the July 1932 elections brought the Nazi party 37.3 percent of the popular vote, making it the largest political party in Germany.The Communists (taking votes from the Social Democrats in the increasingly desperate economic climate) received 14.3 percent of the vote.