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To begin with, the volume of trade has been increasing over the years since countries agreed to open their boundaries to international markets.
In addition, companies are constantly searching for ways of improving their products so that they can stand a chance of competing favorably.
As a result, this has led to increased research by firms resulting to advanced technology (Schaeffer 103).
As a result, labor supply has been in excess compared to demand.
Consequently, the immigrants have taken up the low-skill job opportunities which would have been allocated to the local people (Schaeffer 115).
Outsourcing refers to the process of contracting another firm to perform certain functions which were being performed internally.
The aims of outsourcing are to gain competitive advantage, increase efficiency in execution of duties and reduce cost of production.
First and foremost, companies have been hiring even from foreign countries, which has led to migration of skilled workers from developing countries to developed countries.
This has led to increased competition for employment opportunities in the American economy.
On the same note, foreign firms have always had to employ people from different cultural backgrounds.
Therefore, employee training is necessary so as to enhance good co-existence.