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It is possible your lecturer will give you some advice - pay attention to this as it will help you plan your answer.Next conduct preliminary reading based on your lecture notes.
A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences.
Each paragraph should have a purpose / theme, and make a number of points - which need to be support by high quality evidence.
Choose relevant points only, ones that most reveal the theme or help to make a convincing and interesting argument.
Remember that an essay is simply a discussion / argument on paper.
At this stage it's not crucial to have a robust understanding of key theories or studies, but you should at least have a general 'gist' of the literature. This plan could be in the form of a mind map, a summary table, or by writing a core statement (which encompass the entire argument of your essay in just a few sentences).
After writing your plan conduct supplementary reading and refine your plan and make it more detailed.Be clear why each point is is relevant to the argument. It is more appropriate to use original content to demonstrate your understanding.It would be useful at the beginning of each paragraph if you explicitly outlined the theme being discussed (.e.g. Psychology is a science so you must support your ideas with evidence (not your own personal opinion).If you are discussing a theory or research study make sure you cite the source of the information.Note this is not the author of a textbook you have read - but the original source / author(s) of the theory or research study.Now let us look at what constitutes a good essay in psychology. In the main body of the essay every paragraph should demonstrate both knowledge and critical evaluation.There should also be an appropriate balance between these two essay components. Most students make the mistake of writing too much knowledge and not enough evaluation (which is the difficult bit).It is best to structure your essay according to key themes.Themes are illustrated and developed through a number of points (supported by evidence).For example: As a general rule make sure there is at least one citation (i.e. Don't make the mistake of simply writing everything you know of a particular topic, be selective.name of psychologist and date of publication) in each paragraph. Each paragraph in your essay should contribute to answering the essay question.